A classical theorem of Erdos and Turan states that if a monic polynomial has small values on the unit circle (relative to its constant coefficient), then its zeros cluster near the unit circle and are close to being equidistributed in angle. In February 2018, K. Soundararajan gave a short and elementary proof of their result using Fourier analysis. I'll present this new proof.
The Mass Transport Principle is a useful technique that was introduced to the study of automorphism-invariant percolations by Häggström in 1997. The technique is a sort of mass conservation principle, that allows us to relate random properties (such as the random degree of a vertex) to geometric properties of the graph.
I will introduce the principle and the class of unimodular graphs on which it holds, as well as a few of its applications.
One of the first algorithm any mathematician learns about is the Euclidean division algorithm for the rational integer ring Z. When asking whether other integer rings have similar such division algorithms, we are then led naturally to a geometric interpretation of this algorithm which concerns lattices and their (multiplicative) covering radius.