Title: On a local version of the fifth Busemann-Petty Problem
In 1956, Busemann and Petty posed a series of questions about symmetric convex bodies, of which only the first one has been solved. Their fifth problem asks the following.
Let K be an origin symmetric convex body in the n-dimensional Euclidean space and let H_x be a hyperplane passing through the origin orthogonal to a unit direction x. Consider a hyperplane G parallel to H_x and supporting to K and let
C(K,x)=vol(K\cap H_x)dist (0, G).
The Chabauty method is a remarkable tool which employs p-adic analitic methods (in particular Colman integration.) To study rational points on curves. However the method can be applied only when the genus of the curve in question is larger than its Mordell-Weil rank. Kim developed a sophisticated "nonableian" generalisation.
We shall present the classical methid, and give an approachable introduction to Kim's method.
I'm basically going to follow http://math.mit.edu/nt/old/stage_s18.html
Abstract: I will discuss applications of algebraic results to combinatorics, focusing in particular on Lefschetz theorem, Decomposition theorem and Hodge Riemann relations. Secondly, I will discuss proving these results combinatorially, using a technique by McMullen and extended by de Cataldo and Migliorini. Finally, I will discuss Lefschetz type theorems beyond positivity.
Recommended prerequisites: basic commutative algebra