In the past decades There has been considerable interest in the probability that two random elements of (finite or certain infinite)
I will describe new works (by myself and by others) on probabilistically nilpotent groups, namely groups in which the probability that [x_1,...,x_k]=1 is positive/bounded away from zero.
It turns out that, under some natural conditions,
these are exactly the groups which have a finite/bounded index
subgroup which is nilpotent of class < k.
The proofs have some combinatorial flavor.
Let X be the spherical building associated to the group G=GL(n,F) ,
where F is a finite field. We will survey some results on the homology of X with constant and twisted coefficients, and on the corresponding expansion properties.
In this talk we recall Conlon's random construction of sparse 2-dim simplicial complexes arising from Cayley graphs of F_2^t . We check what expansion properties this construction has (and doesn't have): Mixing of random walks, Spectral gap of the 1-skeleton, Spectral gap of the links, Co-systolic expansion and the geometric overlap property.
Locally testable codes are error-correcting codes that admit
super-efficient checking procedures. In the first part of the talk, we will
see why expander based codes are NOT locally testable. This is in contrast
to typical "good" error correcting properties which follow from expansion.
We will then see that despite this disconnect between expansion and
testability, all known construction of locally testable codes follow from
the high-dimensional expansion property of a related complex leaving open
an intriguing connection between local-testability and high-dimension
Computing R=P.Q ,the product of two mXm Boolean matrices [BMM] is an ingredient
of many combinatorial algorithms.
Many efforts were made to speed it beyond the standard m^3 steps, without using
the algebraic multiplication.
To divide the computation task, encoding of the rows and column indices were
used (1.1) j by (j1,j2) k by (k1,k2)
e.g. using integer p j2=j mod p ,j1=ceiling of j/p.
Clearly, the product of the ranges of the digits= m1.m2 - is approximately m.
L.Lee’s article reduced BMM to parsing substrings of a fixed string u with
In this talk we shall review a paper by Gromov and Guth, in which they introduced several ways to measure the geometric complexity of an embedding of simplicial complexes to Euclidean spaces.
One such measurement is strongly related to the notion of high dimensional expanders introduced by Gromov, and in fact, it is based on a paper of Kolmogorov and Barzadin from 1967, in which the notion of an expander graph appeared implicitly.
We shall show one application of bounded degree high dimensional expanders, and present many more open questions arising from the above mentioned paper.
Both talks will be given by Oren Becker. 9:00 - 10:50 Title: Proving stability via hyperfiniteness, graph limits and invariant random subgroups
Abstract: We will discuss stability in permutations, mostly in the context of amenable groups. We will characterize stable groups among amenable groups in terms of their invariant random subgroups. Then, we will introduce graph limits and hyperfinite graphings (and some theorems about them), and show how the aforementioned characterization of stability follows.
A k-dimensional permutation is a (k+1)-dimensional array of zeros
and ones, with exactly a single one in every axis parallel line. We consider the
“number on the forehead" communication complexity of a k-dimensional permutation
and ask how small and how large it can be. We give some initial answers to these questions.
We prove a very weak lower bound that holds for every permutation, and mention a surprising
upper bound. We motivate these questions by describing several closely related problems:
estimating the density Hales-Jewett number, high-dimensional