The Einstein Institute has almost 100 years of history. The institute was founded in 1925, after a suggestion to create a joint mathematics-physics department was rejected in favor of an institute focused on pure mathematics. The institute's inaugural lecture was given by Edmund Landau (on problems from number theory), the first lecture in higher mathematics to be delivered in modern Hebrew. The Institute moved several times since, preserving its name and identity.
The Israel Journal of Mathematics was founded at the institute in 1963 as a continuation of the Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel and contiues to serve as a leading mathematical journal. A division for computer science was formed within the institute in 1969, which became the independent Institute for Computer Science in 1992.