I'll show how the Vandermonde determinant identity allows us to
estimate the volume of certain spaces of polynomials in one variable
(or rather, of homogeneous polynomials in two variables), as the degree
goes to infinity.
I'll explain what this is good for in the context of globally valued
fields, and, given time constraints, may give some indications on the
approach for the "real inequality" in higher projective dimension.
Better lucky than smart: realizing a quasi-generic class of measure preserving transformations as diffeomorphisms.
Speaker: Matthew Foreman
Abstract: In 1932, von Neumann proposed classifying measure preserving diffeomorphisms up to measure isomorphism. Joint work with B. Weiss
shows this is impossible in the sense that the corresponding equivalence relation is not Borel; hence impossible to capture using countable methods.
It is a familiar fact (sometimes attributed to Ahlbrandt-Ziegler, though it is possibly older) that two aleph0-categorical theories are bi-interpretable if and only if their countable models have isomorphic topological isomorphism groups. Conversely, groups arising in this manner can be given an abstract characterisation, and a countable model of the theory (up to bi-interpretation, of course) can be reconstructed.
The family of high rank arithmetic groups is a class of groups playing an important role in various areas of mathematics. It includes SL(n,Z), for n>2 , SL(n, Z[1/p] ) for n>1, their finite index subgroups and many more.
A number of remarkable results about them have been proven including; Mostow rigidity, Margulis Super rigidity and the Quasi-isometric rigidity.
Weak Prediction Principles
Speaker: Yair Hayut
Abstract: Jensen's diamond is a well studied prediction principle. It holds in L (and other core models), and in many cases it follows from local instances of GCH.
In the talk I will address a weakening of diamond (due to Shaleh and Abraham) and present Abraham's theorem about the equivalence between weak diamond and a weak consequence of GCH. Abraham's argument works for successor cardinals. I will discuss what is known and what is open for inaccessible cardinals.
This is a joint work with Shimon Garti and Omer Ben-Neria.
Dependent theories have now a very solid and well-established collection of results and applications. Beyond first order, the development of "dependency" has been rather scarce so far. In addition to the results due to Kaplan, Lavi and Shelah (dependent diagrams and the generic pair conjecture), I will speak on a few lines of current research around the extraction of indiscernibles for dependent diagrams and on various forms on dependence for abstract elementary classes. This is joint work with Saharon Shelah.
First speaker: Daniel kalmanovich, HU
Title: On the face numbers of cubical polytopes
Understanding the possible face numbers of polytopes, and of subfamilies of interest, is a fundamental question.
The celebrated g-theorem, conjectured by McMullen in 1971 and proved by Stanley (necessity) and by Billera and Lee (sufficiency) in 1980-81, characterizes the f-vectors of simplicial polytopes.