Events & Seminars

2018 Dec 13

Erdos Lectures: Igor Pak (UCLA) - Counting integer points in polytopes

Lecturer: 

Igor Pak (UCLA)
2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Given a convex polytope P, what is the number of integer points in P? This problem is of great interest in combinatorics and discrete geometry, with many important applications ranging from integer programming to statistics. From a computational point of view it is hopeless in any dimensions, as the knapsack problem is a special case. Perhaps surprisingly, in bounded dimension the problem becomes tractable. How far can one go? Can one count points in projections of P, finite intersections of such projections, etc?
2018 Dec 27

Colloquium: Alexander Yom Din (Caltech) - From analysis to algebra to geometry - an example in representation theory of real groups

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Representation theory of non-compact real groups, such as SL(2,R), is a fundamental discipline with uses in harmonic analysis, number theory, physics, and more. This theory is analytical in nature, but in the course of the 20th century it was algebraized and geometrized (the key contributions are by Harish-Chandra for the former and by Beilinson-Bernstein for the latter). Roughly and generally speaking, algebraization strips layers from the objects of study until we are left with a bare skeleton, amenable to symbolic manipulation.
2019 Mar 14

Colloquium: Alexander Bors (University of Western Australia) - Finite groups with a large automorphism orbit

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Abstract: If X is an object such that the notion of an automorphism of X is defined (e.g.,
an algebraic structure, a graph, a topological space, etc.), then one can define an
equivalence relation ∼ on X via x ∼ y if and only if α(x) = y for some automorphism
α of X. The equivalence classes of ∼ are called the automorphism orbits of X.
Say that X is highly symmetric if and only if all elements of X lie in the same
automorphism orbit. Finite highly symmetric objects are studied across various
2019 May 02

Colloquium: Jake Solomon- Pointwise mirror symmetry

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem

Abstract: Mirror symmetry is a correspondence between symplectic geometry on a manifold M and complex geometry on a mirror manifold W. The question of why one sort of geometry on M should be reflected in another sort of geometry on the topologically distinct manifold W, and the question of how to find W given M, are a priori highly mysterious. One attempt to explain the mysteries of mirror symmetry is the SYZ conjecture, which asserts that the mirror manifold W can be realized as the moduli space of certain objects of a category associated to M.
2018 Nov 08

Colloquium: Nathan Keller (Bar Ilan) - The junta method for hypergraphs and the Erdos-Chvatal simplex conjecture

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Numerous problems in extremal hypergraph theory ask to determine the maximal size of a k-uniform hypergraph on n vertices that does not contain an 'enlarged' copy H^+ of a fixed hypergraph H. These include well-known problems such as the Erdos-Sos 'forbidding one intersection' problem and the Frankl-Furedi 'special simplex' problem.
2019 Jun 27

Colloquium Dvoretzky lecture: Assaf Naor(Princeton) - An average John theorem

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem

Abstract: We will prove a sharp average-case variant of a classical embedding theorem of John through the theory of nonlinear spectral gaps. We will use this theorem to provide a new answer to questions of Johnson and Lindenstrauss (1983) and Bourgain (1985) on metric dimension reduction, and explain how it leads to algorithms for approximate nearest neighbor search.
2019 Jan 03

Colloquium: Nati Linial (HUJI) - Graph metrics

2:30pm to 3:30pm

A finite graph is automatically also a metric space, but is there any interesting geometry to speak of? In this lecture I will try to convey the idea that indeed there is very interesting geometry to explore here. I will say something on the local side of this as well as on the global aspects. The k-local profile of a big graph G is the following distribution. You sample uniformly at random k vertices in G and observe the subgraph that they span. Question - which distributions can occur? We know some of the answer but by and large it is very open.
2018 Oct 25

Colloquium: Karim Adiprasito (HUJI) - Combinatorics, topology and the standard conjectures beyond positivity

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Consider a simplicial complex that allows for an embedding into R^d. How many faces of dimension d/2 or higher can it have? How dense can they be?
This basic question goes back to Descartes. Using it and other rather fundamental combinatorial problems, I will motivate and introduce a version of Grothendieck's "standard conjectures" beyond positivity (which will be explored in detail in the Sunday Seminar).
All notions used will be explained in the talk (I will make an effort to be very elementary)
2019 Jun 06

Colloquium: Ram Band (Technion) - Neumann Domains

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Abstract:
The nodal set of a Laplacian eigenfunction forms a partition of the underlying manifold.
An alternative partition, based on the gradient field of the eigenfunction, is via the so called Neumann domains.
A Neumann domain of an eigenfunction is a connected component of the intersection between the stable
manifold of a certain minimum and the unstable manifold of a certain maximum.
We introduce this subject, discuss various properties of Neumann domains and
point out the similarities and differences between nodal domains and Neumann domains.
2018 Dec 20

Colloquium: Assaf Rinot (Bar-Ilan) - Hindman’s theorem and uncountable Abelian groups

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
In the early 1970’s, Hindman proved a beautiful theorem in
additive Ramsey theory asserting that for any partition of the set of
natural numbers into finitely many cells, there exists some infinite set
such that all of its finite sums belong to a single cell.
In this talk, we shall address generalizations of this statement to the
realm of the uncountable. Among other things, we shall present a
negative partition relation for the real line which simultaneously
generalizes a recent theorem of Hindman, Leader and Strauss, and a
2019 Apr 04

Colloquium: Uri Shapira (Technion) - Dynamics on hybrid homogeneous spaces

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Abstract: I will discuss a collection of results about lattices and their subgroups in Euclidean space which are obtained using dynamics on homogeneous spaces. The ergodic theory of group actions on spaces obtained by quotienning a Lie group by a lattice (spaces of lattice-type) or on projective spaces are extensively studied and display distinct dynamical phenomena. Motivated by classical questions in Diophantine approximation we are led to study the ergodic theory of group actions on hybrid homogeneous spaces which are half projective and half of lattice type.

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