Events & Seminars

2017 Nov 16

Colloquium: John R. Klein (Wayne State U.) - "Algebraic Topology and Fluctuations"

2:40pm to 3:40pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
This talk will investigate a certain class of continuous time Markov processes using machinery from algebraic topology. To each such process, we will associate a homological observable, the average current, which is a measurement of the net flow of probability of the system. We show that the average current quantizes in the low temperature limit. We also explain how the quantized version admits a topological description.
2018 Jan 11

Colloquium: Andrei Okounkov (Columbia) - "Catching monodromy"

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Monodromy of linear differential and difference equations is a very old and classical object, which may be seen as a far-reaching generalization of the exponential map of a Lie group. While general properties of this map may studied abstractly, for certain very special equations of interest in enumerative geometry, representation theory, and also mathematical physics, it is possible to describe the monodromy "explicitly", in certain geometric and algebraic terms. I will explain one such recent set of ideas, following joint work with M. Aganagic and R. Bezrukavnikov.
2017 Nov 30

Colloquium: Doron Puder (Tel Aviv) - "Matrix Integrals, Graphs on Surfaces and Mapping Class Group"

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Since the 1970's, Physicists and Mathematicians who study random matrices in the standard models of GUE or GOE, are aware of intriguing connections between integrals of such random matrices and enumeration of graphs on surfaces. We establish a new aspect of this theory: for random matrices sampled from the group U(n) of Unitary matrices. The group structure of these matrices allows us to go further and find surprising algebraic quantities hidden in the values of these integrals. The talk will be aimed at graduate students, and all notions will be explained.
2017 Dec 14

Colloquium: Yoel Groman (Columbia) - "Mirror symmetry for toric Calabi Yau 3-folds"

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Mirror symmetry is a far reaching duality relating symplectic geometry on a given manifold to complex geometry on a completely different manifold - its mirror. Toric Calabi Yau manifolds are a large family of examples which which have served as a testing ground for numerous ideas in the study of mirror symmetry. I will prove homological mirror symmetry when the symplectic side is a toric Calabi-Yau 3-fold. I will aim to explain geometrically why the mirror of a toric Calabi Yau takes the particular form it does.
2017 Dec 28

Colloquium: Or Hershkovits (Stanford) - "The Mean Curvature flow and its applications"

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Being the gradient flow of the area functional, the mean curvature flow can be thought of as a greedy algorithm for simplifying embedded shapes. But how successful is this algorithm? In this talk, I will describe three examples for how mean curvature flow, as well as its variants and weak solutions, can be used to achieve this desired simplification. The first is a short time smoothing effect of the flow, allowing to smooth out some rough, potentially fractal initial data.
2017 Nov 09

Colloquium: Nir Lev (Bar Ilan University) - Fourier quasicrystals

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
By a Fourier quasicrystal we mean a pure point measure in R^d, whose Fourier transform is also a pure point measure. This notion was inspired by the experimental discovery of quasicrystalline materials in the middle of 80's. The classical example of such a measure comes from Poisson's summation formula. Which other measures of this type may exist? I will give the relevant background on this problem and present our recent results obtained in joint work with Alexander Olevskii.
2017 Nov 02

Colloquium: Michael Brandenbursky (BGU) "Entropy, metrics and quasi-morphisms."

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
One of the mainstream and modern tools in the study of non abelian groups are quasi-morphisms. These are functions from a group to the reals which satisfy homomorphism condition up to a bounded error. Nowadays they are used in many fields of mathematics. For instance, they are related to bounded cohomology, stable commutator length, metrics on diffeomorphism groups, displacement of sets in symplectic topology, dynamics, knot theory, orderability, and the study of mapping class groups and of concordance group of knots.
2017 Nov 04

Colloquium: Michael Brandenbursky (BGU) - "Entropy, metrics and quasi-morphisms"

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
One of the mainstream and modern tools in the study of non abelian groups are quasi-morphisms. These are functions from a group to the reals which satisfy homomorphism condition up to a bounded error. Nowadays they are used in many fields of mathematics. For instance, they are related to bounded cohomology, stable commutator length, metrics on diffeomorphism groups, displacement of sets in symplectic topology, dynamics, knot theory, orderability, and the study of mapping class groups and of concordance group of knots.
2017 Dec 18

SPECIAL Jerusalem Analysis and PDEs seminar: "Steady Water Waves" Walter Strauss (Brown University)

4:00pm to 5:00pm

Location: 

Ross 63
I will consider classical 2D traveling water waves with vorticity. By means of local and global bifurcation theory using topological degree, we can prove that there exist many such waves. They are exact smooth solutions of the Euler equations with the physical boundary conditions. Some of the waves are quite tall and steep and some are overhanging. There are periodic ones and solitary ones. I will exhibit some numerical computations of such waves. New analytical results will be presented on waves with favorable vorticity.

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