Title: Sharp arithmetic spectral transitions and universal hierarchical structure of quasiperiodic eigenfunctions.
Abstract: A very captivating question in solid state physics
is to determine/understand the hierarchical structure of spectral features
of operators describing 2D Bloch electrons in perpendicular magnetic
fields, as related to the continued fraction expansion of the magnetic
flux. In particular, the hierarchical behavior of the eigenfunctions of
the almost Mathieu operators, despite signifi cant numerical studies and
Let H be a self-adjoint operator defined on an infinite dimensional Hilbert space. Given some
spectral information about H, such as the continuity of its spectral measure, what can be said about
the asymptotic spectral properties of its finite dimensional approximations? This is a natural (and
general) question, and can be used to frame many specific problems such as the asymptotics of zeros of
orthogonal polynomials, or eigenvalues of random matrices. We shall discuss some old and new results
Abstract: Consider a random matrix with i.i.d. normal entries. Since its distribution is invariant under rotations, any normalized eigenvector is uniformly distributed over the unit sphere. For a general distribution of the entries, this is no longer true. Yet, if the size of the matrix is large, the eigenvectors are distributed approximately uniformly. This property, called delocalization, can be quantified in various senses. In these lectures, we will discuss recent results on delocalization for general random matrices.
A (countable) group G is homogeneous if whenever g,h are tupples of the same type in G, there is an automorphism of G sending g to h.
We give a characterization of freely-indecomposable torsion-free hyperbolic groups which are homogeneous, in terms of a particular decomposition as a graph of groups - their JSJ decomposition. This is joint work with Chloe Perin.
Abstract: In this talk, I will introduce diffeological spaces and some (co)homology theories on these spaces. I will also talk on Thom-Mather spaces and their (co)homology in the diffeological context.
Abstract: Knot Floer homology is an invariant for knots in the three-sphere defined using methods from symplectic geometry. I will describe a new algebraic formulation of this invariant which leads to a reasonably efficient computation of these invariants. This is joint work with Zoltan Szabo.
Abstract: The Gromov non-squeezing theorem in symplectic geometry states that is not possible to embed symplectically a ball into a cylinder of smaller radius, although this can be done with a volume preserving embedding. Hence, the biggest radius of a ball that can be symplectically embedded into a symplectic manifold can be used as a way to measure the "symplectic size'' of the manifold. We call the square of this radius times the number \pi the Gromov width of the symplectic manifold. The Gromov width as a symplectic invariant is extended through the notion of "Symplectic Capacity".
The expander Chernoff bound states that random walks over expanders are good samplers, at least for a certain range of parameters. In this talk we will be interested in “Parity Samplers” that have the property that for any test set, about half of the sample sets see the test set an *even* number of times, and we will check whether random walks over expanders are good parity samplers. We will see that:
1. Random walks over expanders fare quite well with the challenge, but, 2. A sparse Random complex does much better.
The "PCP theorem" says that problems in NP are hard in a robust or stable way.
I will give a brief intro to PCPs (and explain the acronym) and then try to outline a proof of the PCP theorem based on "agreement expansion" which is a form of high dimensional expansion.
My aim is to show how high dimensional expansion is inherently present in PCP type questions.
I will introduce the notion of (PCP)-agreement expansion which is an important building block in PCPs constructions.
I will then show that a high dimensional expanders imply PCP-agreement expanders.
based on Joint work with Irit Dinur
Speaker : Tatiana Nagnibeda (University of Geneva)
Abstract: The definition of a Ramanujan graph extends naturally to infinite graphs: an infinite graph is Ramanujan if its spectral radius is not larger than (and hence equal to) the spectral radius of its universal covering tree. As with infinite families of finite graphs, it is interesting and non-trivial to understand, how much Ramanujan graphs resemble trees. I will discuss some results in this direction obtained in a joint work with Vadim Kaimanovich, by investigating ergodic properties of boundary actions of free groups.