Title: Quantum state transfer on graphs.
Transmitting quantum information losslessly through a network of particles is an important problem in quantum computing. Mathematically this amounts to studying solutions of the discrete Schrödinger equation d/dt phi = i H phi, where H is typically the adjacency or Laplace matrix of the graph. This in turn leads to questions about subtle number-theoretic behavior of the eigenvalues of H.
Abstract: We will discuss the question: for a random walk in a random environment, when should one expect a central limit theorem, i.e. that after appropriate scaling, the random walk converges to Brownian motion? The answer will turn out to involve the spectral theory of unbounded operators. All notions will be defined in the talk. Joint work with Balint Toth.
I will present an overview of some recent progress on the study of the nodal sets of Steklov eigenfunctions. In particular, I will discuss sharp estimates on the nodal length of Steklov eigenfunctions on real-analytic Riemannian surfaces with boundary obtained in my joint
work with D. Sher and J. Toth.
A (countable) group G is homogeneous if whenever g,h are tupples of the same type in G, there is an automorphism of G sending g to h.
We give a characterization of freely-indecomposable torsion-free hyperbolic groups which are homogeneous, in terms of a particular decomposition as a graph of groups - their JSJ decomposition. This is joint work with Chloe Perin.
האירוע הזה כולל שיחת וידאו ב-Google Hangouts.
Abstract: In this talk, I will introduce diffeological spaces and some (co)homology theories on these spaces. I will also talk on Thom-Mather spaces and their (co)homology in the diffeological context.
Abstract: Knot Floer homology is an invariant for knots in the three-sphere defined using methods from symplectic geometry. I will describe a new algebraic formulation of this invariant which leads to a reasonably efficient computation of these invariants. This is joint work with Zoltan Szabo.
Abstract: The Gromov non-squeezing theorem in symplectic geometry states that is not possible to embed symplectically a ball into a cylinder of smaller radius, although this can be done with a volume preserving embedding. Hence, the biggest radius of a ball that can be symplectically embedded into a symplectic manifold can be used as a way to measure the "symplectic size'' of the manifold. We call the square of this radius times the number \pi the Gromov width of the symplectic manifold. The Gromov width as a symplectic invariant is extended through the notion of "Symplectic Capacity".
Israel Institute for Advanced Studies (Feldman building, Givat Ram), Eilat Hall
This is a survey talk about one of the main parts of what we call high-dimensional combinatorics. We start by equating a permutation with a permutation matrix. Namely, an nxn array of zeros and ones where every line (=row or column) contains exactly one 1. In general, a d-dimensional permutation is an array [n]x[n]x....x[n] (d+1 factors) of zeros and ones in which every line (now there are d+1 types of lines) contains exactly one 1. Many questions suggest themselves, some of which we have already solved, but many others are still wide opne. Here are a few examples:
Markoff triples are integer solutions to Markoff equation $x^2+y^2+z^2=3xyz$ which arose in Markoff's spectacular and fundamental work (1879) on diophantine approximation and has been henceforth ubiquitous in a tremendous variety of different fields in mathematics and beyond.
Abstract: I will give an introduction to the cohomology of universal covers of finite complexes. These groups are (for infinite covers) either trivial or infinite dimensional, but they have renormalized real valued Betti numbers. Their study is philosophically related to the topic of our year, and they have wonderful applications in geometry, group theory, topology etc and I hope to explain some of this.