Eventss

2016 Mar 17

Colloquium-Landau Lectures: Ravi Vakil (Stanford) "Cutting and pasting in algebraic geometry, and the motivic zeta function"

3:30pm to 4:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Given some class of "geometric spaces", we can make a ring as follows.
1. (additive structure) When U is an open subset of such a space X, [X] = [U] + [(X \ U)]
2. (multiplicative structure)} [X x Y] = [X] [Y].
In the algebraic setting, this ring (the "Grothendieck ring of varieties") contains surprising structure, connecting geometry to arithmetic and topology.
2015 Nov 26

Colloquium: Shai Evra (HUJI), "Topological Expanders"

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Title: Topological Expanders.
Abstract:
A classical result of Boros-Furedi (for d=2) and Barany (for d>=2) from the 80's, asserts that given any n points in R^d, there exists a point in R^d which is covered by a constant fraction (independent of n) of all the geometric (=affine) d-simplices defined by the n points. In 2010, Gromov strengthen this result, by allowing to take topological d-simplices as well, i.e. drawing continuous lines between the n points, rather then straight lines and similarly continuous simplices rather than affine.
2016 Dec 29

Colloquium: Jordan Ellenberg (University of Wisconsin) "The cap set problem"

2:30pm to 3:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
A very old question in additive number theory is: how large can a subset of Z/NZ be which contains no three-term arithmetic progression? An only slightly younger problem is: how large can a subset of (Z/3Z)^n be which contains no three-term arithmetic progression? The second problem was essentially solved in 2016, by the combined work of a large group of researchers around the world, touched off by a brilliantly simple new idea of Croot, Lev, and Pach.
2016 Mar 03

Colloquium: Sara Tukachinsky (Hebrew University) "Counts of holomorphic disks by means of bounding chains"

3:30pm to 4:30pm

Location: 

Manchester Building (Hall 2), Hebrew University Jerusalem
Over a decade ago, Welschinger defined invariants of real symplectic manifolds of complex dimensions 2 and 3, which count pseudo-holomorphic disks with boundary and interior point constraints. Since then, the problem of extending the definition to higher dimensions has attracted much attention.
2016 Nov 03

Groups and dynamics - Misha Belolipetsky

10:30am to 11:30am

Location: 

Ross 70
Arithmetic Kleinian groups generated by elements of finite order Abstract: We show that up to commensurability there are only finitely many cocompact arithmetic Kleinian groups generated by rotations. The proof is based on a generalised Gromov-Guth inequality and bounds for the hyperbolic and tube volumes of the quotient orbifolds. To estimate the hyperbolic volume we take advantage of known results towards Lehmer's problem. The tube volume estimate requires study of triangulations of lens spaces which may be of independent interest.
2016 Jun 14

Dynamics & probability: Amitai Zernik (HUJI): A Diagrammatic Recipe for Computing Maxent Distributions

2:00pm to 3:00pm

Location: 

Manchester building, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, (Room 209)
Let S be a finite set (the sample space), and 
f_i: S -> R functions, for 1 ≤ i ≤ k. Given a k-tuple (v_1,...,v_k) in R^k
it is natural to ask: 
What is the distribution P on S that maximizes the entropy
      -Σ P(x) log(P(x))
subject to the constraint that the expectation of f_i be v_i?
In this talk I'll discuss a closed formula for the solution P
in terms of a sum over cumulant trees. This is based on a general calculus
for solving perturbative optimization problems due to Feynman, which may be
of interest in its own right. 
2016 May 17

Dynamics & probability: Elliot Paquette (Weizmann) - Almost gaussian log-correlated fields

2:00pm to 3:00pm

Location: 

Manchester building, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, (Room 209)
Abstract: This talk will introduce the notion of Gaussian and almost Gaussian log-correlated fields. These are a class of random (or almost random) functions many of whose statistics are predicted to coincide in a large system-size limit. Examples of these objects include:
(1) the logarithm of the Riemann zeta function on the critical line (conjecturally)
(2) the log-characteristic polynomial of Haar distributed unitary random matrices (and others),
(3) the deviations of Birkhoff sums of substitution dynamical systems (conjecturally)
2016 Jan 12

Dynamics & prob. [NOTE SPECIAL TIME!!], Yonatan Gutman (IMPAN) - Optimal embedding of minimal systems into shifts on Hilbert cubes

1:45pm to 2:45pm

Location: 

Manchester building, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, (Room 209)
In the paper "Mean dimension, small entropy factors and an
embedding theorem, Inst. Hautes Études Sci. Publ. Math 89 (1999)
227-262", Lindenstrauss showed that minimal systems of mean dimension
less than $cN$ for $c=1/36$ embed equivariantly into the Hilbert cubical
shift $([0,1]^N)^{\mathbb{Z}}$, and asked what is the optimal value
for $c$. We solve this problem by proving that $c=1/2$. The method of
proof is surprising and uses signal analysis sampling theory. Joint
work with Masaki Tsukamoto.
2016 Jun 21

Dynamics & probability: Fedor Pakovitch - On semiconjugate rational functions

2:00pm to 3:00pm

Location: 

Manchester building, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, (Room 209)
Let $A$, $B$ be two rational functions of degree at least two on the Riemann sphere.
The function $B$ is said to be semiconjugate to the function $A$ if there exists a non-constant rational function $X$ such that the equality (*) A\circ X=X\circ B holds.

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